Mexico is the second most populated country and the second-largest economy in Latin America and a major oil exporter. Nevertheless, it is a clear example of the paradox of middle-income countries: it has a high Human Development Index, 77, but more than 55.3 million people (46.2%) live in poverty. At the same time, Mexico faces social, economic and land ownership disparities. Persistent social disadvantages and high indices of discrimination are the cause and consequence of continuous marginalization in wide population groups, mainly women, girls, indigenous people and migrants.
Ongoing economic and social concerns include low wages, high underemployment and inequitable income distribution. Low-wage micro-businesses have been among the few sources of job growth in recent decades, employing almost three-quarters of the workforce. Drug-related gang violence has become one of the biggest challenges for the country in the past decade.
- total population (thousands)
- GNI per capita
- Life expectancy at birth
- 77 years
- Human Development Index
- 74: (out of 188)
- Under-5 mortality rate
- Primary school net enrolment
- Adult HIV prevalence (% of the population)
- People of all ages living with HIV (thousands)
- improved access to safe water (% of the population)
- moderate-severe underweight (% children under-5)