Tanzania is one of Africa’s fastest growing economies, with annual GDP growth running at close to 7% since 2000. However, widespread poverty persists. Almost half of Tanzania’s population lives on less than $1.90 per day. High population growth and low productivity in labour-intensive sectors like agriculture, which employs 75% of the population, limit broad-based economic growth. In addition, the effects of global heating are deepening agriculture’s vulnerability to disasters.
Tanzanian women and girls remain among the most marginalized citizens in sub-Saharan Africa. In July 2019, the legal age of marriage for girls was changed from 14 to 18 - the same age as for boys and in line with international human rights recommendations.
- total population (thousands)
- GNI per capita
- Life expectancy at birth
- 66 years
- Human Development Index
- 154 (out of 189)
- Under-5 mortality rate
- Primary school net enrolment
- Adult HIV prevalence (% of the population)
- People of all ages living with HIV (thousands)
- improved access to safe water (% of the population)
- moderate-severe underweight (% children under-5)