Guinea-Bissau is one of the poorest and most politically unstable countries in the world. There have been four successful coups since independence (declared in 1973 and recognised in 1974), with a further 16 coups attempted, plotted or alleged.
The country relies heavily on agriculture. The vital cashew nut crop provides a modest living for most farmers and is the main source of foreign exchange. However the nation has massive foreign debt today and an economy that relies heavily on foreign aid.
Poverty affects more than 70% of the population, with high infant and maternal mortality rates and a countrywide chronic malnutrition rate of over 25%.
In an effort to advance women’s participation in politics and decision-making, the Guinea-Bissau parliament adopted a Parity Law on 2 May 2019 that decrees women must make up 50% of the candidate lists for elected positions. (Sources: UNICEF, UNAIDS and the World Bank 2019).
- total population (thousands)
- GNI per capita
- Life expectancy at birth
- 58 years
- Human Development Index
- 178 (out of 189)
- Under-5 mortality rate
- Primary school net enrolment
- Adult HIV prevalence (% of the population)
- People of all ages living with HIV (thousands)
- improved access to safe water (% of the population)
- moderate-severe underweight (% children under-5)