A growing youthful population, a dynamic private sector, highly skilled workforce, improved infrastructure and a new constitution could make Kenya one of Africa’s success stories. However, the country still faces key development challenges that include poverty, inequality, climate change and the vulnerability of the economy to internal and external shocks. The government’s current priority areas are manufacturing, universal healthcare, affordable housing and food security.
Interventions and increased spending on health over the last decades are already paying dividends. Since the 2000s, the life expectancy of Kenyans has steadily increased; malaria deaths decreased by nearly 80% since 1990, and tuberculosis deaths fell by nearly 40% since 2000.
Mothers and their children are safer and healthier due to improvements in delivery, reduction in early childhood diseases, and better nutrition. Despite this progress, childhood diseases and maternal mortality remain serious public health concerns.
- total population (thousands)
- GNI per capita
- Life expectancy at birth
- 67 years
- Human Development Index
- 142 (out of 189)
- Under-5 mortality rate
- Primary school net enrolment
- Adult HIV prevalence (% of the population)
- People of all ages living with HIV (thousands)
- improved access to safe water (% of the population)
- moderate-severe underweight (% children under-5)