Our Commitment

Madagascar

Madagascar is one of the poorest countries in the world, continually exposed to extensive damage from drought, flooding and tropical cyclones due to its geographical location and topography. The island has been struck by 14 cyclones since 2007, impacting the lives of 3.5 million people. In 2013, the island faced its worst ever locust plague, which hampered agricultural production and threatened food security. The increasing fragility of the ecosystem due to deforestation and poor land management is a cause of increased vulnerability to shocks and related food insecurity. Deforestation has become a major concern: 85% of Madagascar’s rainforests have been lost due to the use of wood and charcoal for cooking, and to slash and burn agricultural practices. (Sources: UNICEF 2016; UNDP 2016)

total population (thousands)
24,235
GNI per capita
440$
Life expectancy at birth
66 years
Human Development Index
154 (out of 188)
Under-5 mortality rate
50‰
Primary school net enrolment
-
Adult HIV prevalence (% of the population)
0.3%
People of all ages living with HIV (thousands)
39
improved access to safe water (% of the population)
52%
moderate-severe underweight (% children under-5)
37%

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