Nepal has successfully transitioned from post-conflict status since the end of the civil war in 2006. The November 2013 elections marked an important step toward the peaceful formation of an inclusive and democratic secular state. The country’s economy has grown steadily in the past seven years, even if unreliable electricity supplies and low-quality transportation networks still constitute significant bottlenecks. In parallel with this growth, Nepal has made strong progress on many social indicators, but the rates of child and women’s malnutrition remain high. Access to health services is mostly unequal and of low quality.
Nepal is also highly vulnerable to climate change and natural disasters. Recent records show an increasing number of droughts, floods, hailstorms, landslides and crop diseases, which have a severe impact on poverty and livelihood.
The country is still recovering from the massive twin earthquakes that struck in April and May 2015, killing more than 8,800 people, injuring more than 22,000, destroying nearly 600,000 homes and leaving millions in need of food, clean water and adequate shelter. (Sources: UNICEF 2016; UNDP 2016)
- total population (thousands)
- GNI per capita
- Life expectancy at birth
- Human Development Index
- 145 (out of 186)
- Under-5 mortality rate
- Primary school net enrolment
- Adult HIV prevalence (% of the population)
- People of all ages living with HIV (thousands)
- improved access to safe water (% of the population)
- moderate-severe underweight (% children under-5)