Uganda has had a relatively stable national government since 1986, when it emerged from 20 years of political upheaval and economic collapse, notwithstanding the persistence of regional instability in the North and Northeast of the country.
The country has exceeded the Millennium Development Goals (MDGs) target of halving poverty by 2015, and made significant progress in reducing the population that suffers from hunger. However, its human development outlook is still mixed. Stagnation or reversals in progress include universal primary education and health, HIV in particular.
Uganda has the largest youth population in the world (per capita), with 79% being under the age of 30.
The geopolitical location of Uganda makes the country vulnerable to conflicts in the Great Lakes region, and the number of refugees hosted within its national territory rose to over half a million in January 2016. (Sources: UNICEF 2016; UNDP 2016)
- total population (thousands)
- GNI per capita
- Life expectancy at birth
- Human Development Index
- 163 (out of 188)
- Under-5 mortality rate
- Primary school net enrolment
- Adult HIV prevalence (% of the population)
- People of all ages living with HIV (thousands)
- improved access to safe water (% of the population)
- moderate-severe underweight (% children under-5)