Our Commitment

Kosovo

During the Balkan Wars that ravaged the region in the 1990s, Kosovo was the site of ethnic cleansing, mass rapes and looting. In 2008, this disputed area split unilaterally from Serbia to become independent after years of strained relations between its Serb and Albanian inhabitants. Independence opened a new chapter in the country’s history, but this reality is still fragile since Kosovo lacks international recognition. Weak government capacities, tensions between ethnic groups and lack of accountability require continuous attention by the international community. More than half of landlocked Kosovo’s people live in poverty, (about one-third below the poverty line and roughly one-eighth in extreme poverty). The average per capita income in Kosovo is just $3,900 a year, among the very lowest in Europe. Joblessness in particular - affecting young people and women disproportionately and estimated to be around 43% - remains a central economic-policy challenge. Although it possesses rich mineral resources, agriculture is the main economic activity due to decades of underdevelopment. (Sources: UNICEF 2017; UNDP 2018, World Bank 2017)

total population (thousands)
1,830
GNI per capita
3900$
Life expectancy at birth
72 years
Human Development Index
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Under-5 mortality rate
39‰
Primary school net enrolment
-
Adult HIV prevalence (% of the population)
-
People of all ages living with HIV (thousands)
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improved access to safe water (% of the population)
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moderate-severe underweight (% children under-5)
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