Our Commitment


With over 85 million people from 54 different ethnic groups, Vietnam is a diverse nation with a rich culture that has witnessed a century of dramatic change. Political and economic reforms launched in the mid-1980s lifted more than 35 million people out of poverty, transforming one of the poorest states in the world, into a lower middle income country. This rise followed the shift from a centrally-planned to a socialist market economy, with the resulting inflows of foreign direct investment, the emergence of the private sector and a more globalised approach to business and trade. Rising living standards have been matched by a steady improvement in a number of development indicators, such as access to education and health. Despite the impressive progress towards poverty alleviation, inequality is growing especially between urban and rural communities and between ethnic minorities. Unlocking the door to a more equitable and prosperous society will depend on success in regulating economic growth in sustainable ways, improving governance, wealth-distribution and social services and strengthening environmental protection. (Sources: UNICEF 2016; UNDP 2016)

total population (thousands)
GNI per capita
Life expectancy at birth
76 years
Human Development Index
116 (out of 188)
Under-5 mortality rate
Primary school net enrolment
Adult HIV prevalence (% of the population)
People of all ages living with HIV (thousands)
improved access to safe water (% of the population)
moderate-severe underweight (% children under-5)

related programmes

our partners