Our Commitment

Guatemala

Guatemala’s beauty and strength of identity have not been accompanied by cohesion and prosperity. According to the World Bank the country is “the biggest economy in Central America”; however it is also characterised by harsh income inequalities. Whilst it has achieved macroeconomic stability in the twenty years since the last conflict ended, unemployment remains high and income distribution uneven. Poverty is particularly widespread in the countryside and among indigenous communities which represent over 40% of the total population. Illiteracy, infant mortality and malnutrition are among the highest in the region, life expectancy is among the lowest. Four in ten children under-5 (eight in ten, in the indigenous communities), are chronically malnourished: the fourth highest rate in the world. 59% of the population lives in poverty, and 12% in extreme poverty. The degradation of natural resources in the country is intense, particularly as a result of the illegal exploitation of forests and slash-and-burn subsistence agriculture. Vulnerability to natural disasters such as hurricanes, earthquakes, floods, landslides and droughts is increasing, damaging the livelihoods of unprepared populations living in vulnerable areas. (Sources: UNICEF 2016 ; UNDP 2016)

total population (thousands)
16,343
GNI per capita
3430$
Life expectancy at birth
72 years
Human Development Index
128 (out of 188)
Under-5 mortality rate
29‰
Primary school net enrolment
89%
Adult HIV prevalence (% of the population)
0.5%
People of all ages living with HIV (thousands)
49
improved access to safe water (% of the population)
93%
moderate-severe underweight (% children under-5)
13%

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