Ethiopia is one of the world’s oldest civilizations. It is also Africa's oldest independent country and the second-most populous country in the Sub-Saharan region, with a population of about 99 million.
Over the past two decades, the country has made significant progress in key human development indicators: primary school enrolments have quadrupled, child mortality has been cut in half, and the number of people with access to clean water has more than doubled. These gains, together with more recent advances to strengthen the fight against malaria and HIV/AIDS, paint a picture of improved well-being in Ethiopia whose national five-year plan aims to foster sustainable, broad-based development.
Notwithstanding these progresses, Ethiopia remains one of the world’s poorest countries. The water crisis contributes to trap people into poverty, with women and children spending up to six hours daily scavenging for water. According to the Growth and Transformation Plan (2010), the water supply coverage is 65.8 percent (91.5 percent in urban and 62 percent in rural areas). While there has been significant progress in recent years, there are still close to 30 million Ethiopians who lack access to safe and reliable sources of drinking water. (Sources: UNICEF 2016; UNDP 2016)
- total population (thousands)
- GNI per capita
- Life expectancy at birth
- 65 years
- Human Development Index
- 174 (out of 188)
- Under-5 mortality rate
- Primary school net enrolment
- Adult HIV prevalence (% of the population)
- People of all ages living with HIV (thousands)
- improved access to safe water (% of the population)
- moderate-severe underweight (% children under-5)