Our Commitment

Guinea Conakry

Since independence, the Republic of Guinea (also known as Guinea Conakry) has been undermined by weak governance, periods of autocratic and military authority, recurrent political instability and corruption. The country has also been strongly affected by the socio-political crises in neighbouring countries. During the 1990s, the Forest Guinea Region hosted around 700,000 refugees fleeing conflicts in Liberia, Sierra Leone and Cote d’Ivoire. The arrival of so many people has depleted natural resources and fuelled tensions. The first free presidential elections in 2010, have, however, opened a new chapter in the history of the country. Although reforms aimed at reviving economic and social development have been implemented, infrastructure and services remain inadequate, administration weak and the private sector embryonic. Despite an abundance of natural resources (including iron ore, bauxite, diamonds and gold), Guinea still faces major socio-economic and political challenges. Poverty and malnutrition rates are alarming, especially in rural areas. The national health system is not efficient, accessible or equitable and life expectancy is one of the lowest in sub-Saharan Africa. In particular, the national health system faced a great challenge in the end of March 2014 when an epidemic of the Zaire strain of the Ebola virus – the most dangerous in existence – was confirmed in Guinea and then spread rapidly its neighbooring countries. (Source: UNICEF 2016; UNDP 2016)

total population (thousands)
12,609
GNI per capita
470$
Life expectancy at birth
59 years
Human Development Index
182 (out of 188)
Under-5 mortality rate
93‰
Primary school net enrolment
83%
Adult HIV prevalence (% of the population)
1.6%
People of all ages living with HIV (thousands)
120
improved access to safe water (% of the population)
77%
moderate-severe underweight (% children under-5)
17%

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