While Benin has experienced notable political stability and economic growth over the past few years and is one of Africa’s largest cotton producers, it ranks among the world’s poorest countries, with unequal income distribution coupled with rapid population growth. The highly informal nature of the economy, its low productivity - particularly in the agricultural sector - and its lack of diversification all contribute to the persistence of poverty. For the most vulnerable communities, a fragile situation is made worse by recurring floods and droughts.
Exports largely depend on conditions in Nigeria, Benin’s major trading partner.
- total population (thousands)
- GNI per capita
- Life expectancy at birth
- 60 years
- Human Development Index
- 166 (out of 188)
- Under-5 mortality rate
- Primary school net enrolment
- Adult HIV prevalence (% of the population)
- People of all ages living with HIV (thousands)
- improved access to safe water (% of the population)
- moderate-severe underweight (% children under-5)